Rebecca and Craig Struthers run an award-winning craft watchmaking business, Struthers London. They were unaware that their website was being blocked by BT and Virgin until Rebecca was contacted by a customer on Twitter. Rebecca believes that having her website incorrectly blocked will almost certainly have affected their business. She explains: “As a small watchmaking business, we don't have 200-300 years of reputation that a more established company has. If customers can't get onto the site, it flags up that there is something fraudulent, which reflects badly on us. They will assume there is something wrong with our website not the filters – they are more likely to trust BT or Virgin than a small business like ours.”
When Rebecca contacted Virgin, she found that the customers services operative she spoke to refused at first to believe that there was no porn or violent content on her site. She was told to speak to her own Internet service provider even though they weren't blocking her, and even advised to tell all her customers to take off the settings!
From BT, Rebecca received an automated response that said: “BT Parental Controls is conducted by our expert 3rd party supplier and BT is not involved in this process....BT or its third party supplier will not enter into correspondence regarding this investigation.”
Rebecca found this response very worrying: “The fact they don't give anything away as to who this 'expert 3rd party' is and refuse any right to appeal should they decide against you leaves you feeling incredibly vulnerable, particularly as this 'expert 3rd party' had already categorised our website for British craft watchmaking as inappropriate for no apparent reason.”
Eventually both BT and Virgin lifted the block but for Rebecca, it was, “a scary few days”.
struthers-london.co.uk was blocked by BT and Virgin in August 2015.
“In theory, web filtering sounds like a brilliant way to protect children or vulnerable populations from predators and harmful content, such as hate speech and pro-anorexia sites (to name a few). However, it's not that black-and-white; filtering begs the question of what, exactly, is harmful, to whom, and who is given the power to grant or deny access to information.
“In the case of sherights.com, the effect of filtering boils down to advertising revenue, which is based on site visitors. If people who would normally be interested in accessing our content - which focuses on reproductive healthcare, violence against women and LGBT rights - are not able to view the site, it directly impacts our bottom line. But, more than that, we are concerned with the message that blocking our site sends: that pro-woman, pro-equality, pro-human rights subject matter is somehow offensive, inappropriate or otherwise problematic.
“Our articles, while certainly bolstered by strong opinions, are written with careful analysis and an eye towards promoting gender equality. There is no reason why adolescents shouldn't visit sherights.com. If anything, we encourage youth to engage with our content - whether they agree with it or not.”
sherights.com was blocked by TalkTalk in April 2014.
wanted to read Jezebel.com
Marielle had just moved to the UK from the US with her husband and her young son. As they didn't have Broadband set up at home, she was using her phone to access the Internet but when she tried to read an article on the feminist blog Jezebel.com, it was blocked. Called “Stop acting like 'bouncing back' from labor is even possible”, the article criticised the fact that there is no paid maternity leave in the United States and many women have to return to work after only 6 weeks. Marielle says, “I was so excited to move to a country with sane maternity leave policies, only to find I couldn't even read an article about it!”
When she found that the entire blog was blocked, she became angry: “I felt like feminism had been singled out for censorship, because if a major feminist blog like Jezebel was blocked, how would other, smaller sites fare?” Getting Three to lift the block was, “an arduous process, and very embarrassing. The manager told me that I couldn't access filtered articles without entering a 4 digit pin because I had a PAYG plan.”
As a parent, Marielle doesn't think that filters work when it comes to protecting children. Her greatest concern for her child is online bullying and harassment: “Most harassment comes from private communication, like SnapChat, or Facebook, or Twitter, or even just e-mail - all things that filtering doesn't address in the slightest. When my son gets old enough I'll have to have open and honest conversations with him about how much information he should share about himself online, how to use privacy controls and how to block people who are harassing him. While I'm at it, I might as well talk about all that other stuff as well!”
jezebel.com was blocked by Three, July 2014.
One upside, Three have confirmed that the advice given to Marielle is incorrect: you only need enter the PIN once to have filters removed.
Amy Leatherbarrow runs a ladies' dress agency in Bolton. When her website was redeveloped over a year ago, she became aware that it was being blocked by O2. Her web designer spoke to O2 but they simply told him to verify that he was over 18 – this meant that he could view it but it didn't solve the problem that the site would still be blocked for other O2 customers.
When Amy started promoting her business on Facebook, she realised that there was a much bigger problem. Sky and O2 customers who tried to access her site from Facebook posts were told that they had to be over 18 to view the content.
Amy believes that this will have had a major impact on her business:
“Who knows how many customers have encountered this and potential sales we have lost? We also offer a re-selling service for our clients which will have been affected. Our website is so important in our advertising and marketing and this issue is devastating as a business owner.
“Without www.blocked.org and your help, I would not have known how to go about getting this problem resolved”
www.designerdressingroom.com was blocked by O2 and Sky
Philip Raby only found out that his website www.philipraby.co.uk was blocked by O2 when one of his customers told him. As his business sells and services Porsches, it’s not clear why it would be inappropriate for children. Contacting O2 by phone and email didn’t work. It was only when he began tweeting about the problem that his site was unblocked. Philip says that it’s difficult to measure the financial impact of being blocked but, “we must have lost some business and, of course, it doesn't look great telling people the site is not suitable for under 18s!”
www.philipraby.co.uk was blocked on O2.
Aidan van de Weyer found that EE was blocking access to a political blog on the Syrian War by commentator Aboud Dandachi (pictured left). Aidan says: “Preventing people seeing information about the war solely because that information is unpalatable seems to me to be a very damaging form of censorship because it hides the realities of the war.
“I have found that non- or semi-professional social media journalists have added hugely to the understanding that I have of events in the Middle East over the last three years. This has only happened because these people can voice their views and spread their information freely. The filtering hasn't affected my daily life (just like the war hasn't), but it has shown me directly how dangerous the unintended consequences of filtering could be.”
Aboud Dandachi's blog was blocked on EE, O2, Sky and Vodafone.