Network level filters
If your site is blocked by an ISP, it means that anyone in a household using network level filters, cannot visit your website. If they try they will get an error message. We have estimated figures for households that have filters activated below.
In total, that is around 3.5 million households, or approximately 7-12 million people, over half of whom will be adults.
If your site is blocked by a mobile phone provider, it means that anyone using a phone with filters activated cannot visit your website. If they try they will get an error message. Mobile phone providers switch on filters by default and we don’t have figures for how many people have chosen to switch them off.
ORG does not oppose the use of network level or mobile phone filters. However, we believe that activating them should be voluntary and that they shouldn’t be switched on by default. ISPs and mobile phone providers should also explain clearly that filters do not guarantee that a child won’t see harmful content and that useful content might also be blocked.
We also think that ISPs and mobile phone companies should raise awareness of filters among website owners so that they are aware that their websites might be blocked.
We would like more transparency about filters overall, including more information about how companies decide what should be blocked.
We are not aware of any research which demonstrates that filters are preventing children and young people from seeing harmful content. Researchers from the Oxford Internet Institute and Oxford University recently published a paper in the Journal of Pediatrics that found “convincing evidence that Internet filters were not effective at shielding early adolescents from aversive online experiences”.
Filters may stop a young child from accidentally stumbling upon pornography. However, it is largely accepted that a tech savvy teenager who wants to access pornography will find a way of doing so - whether through using Tor, VPNs, proxy sites or sharing through memory sticks.
Most filters do not block social media sites where porn is often shared, nor do they block self-generated images. They also don’t prevent other behaviour that makes children feel unsafe - for example bullying.
Parents need to talk to their children regularly about their internet use. For younger children, supervision might be needed while they are online.
Device level filters are another option and can help to initiate a conversation about harmful content as a parent has to activate them.